Among all allergic and respiratory-related diseases, asthma makes up the majority. Asthma is perhaps one of the leading causes of respiratory illness among children and young adults although this condition may last a lifetime.
Proper care and health maintenance is essential to warding off the debilitating repercussions of exposure to irritants which could trigger the symptoms underlying this disease.
What exactly is Asthma?
Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing, and increased mucus production during recurrent attacks. These same symptoms can cause death in rare cases depending on the severity of the amount of allergens involved and antihistamine molecules produced by the body enough to block the airways for the transportation of air to the lungs.
Around 7 to 10% of children are asthmatic and current statistics show an increasing number of sufferers.
People with asthma have a very sensitive bronchial pathway. Presence of molecules or particles recognized by the body as foreign can set a huge allergic attack characteristic of the condition described above.
From a medical point of view, asthma is a type of allergy. Allergy is defined as a change in the body”s biological activity due to the presence of one or more types of allergens (substance promoting the symptoms of allergy).
According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, more than 50 million Americans are suffering from allergy and currently 20 million individuals, comprising the wide-range of America”s population experiences the symptoms of asthma.
Causes of Asthma
Causes can be in the form of dust, certain chemicals, scents, and various odors. Other trigger factors may be in the form of temperature. Cold or hot air can provoke allergic reactions to patients sensitive to them. In any case, allergic reactions are specific to individuals and not all individuals suffering from allergy respond universally to all allergens.
In some cases, a sufferer may be allergic to some forms of physical activity. And emotional distress can cause symptoms to occur.
Among all these influential agents, smoke has been found to occupy the universally recognized trigger attacks for patients with asthma especially for children. At least 8 out of 10 children are more prone to developing asthmatic conditions once exposed to smoke.
Perhaps, as society becomes more industrialized and increased fume emissions accelerate, more and more people will develop asthma.
Who Are at Risk?
Statistical data shows that asthma is not a discriminating disease. It affects people of all ages, race, culture, color and gender.
Especially predisposed to developing such illness are people who are exposed to heavy car or industrial emissions and filthy surroundings. And more children and young adults suffer more than any other age group.
Additionally, individuals whose relatives have a history of such illness are more at risk in manifesting asthma in the future.
Rarely do people die of symptoms and complications involved in asthmatic attacks. Due to continuing research doctors are able to properly treat the symptoms typical of asthma.
Your best weapon against an asthma attack is to avoid the source of the allergens to which you are allergic. For example, if you are allergic to dust, staying indoors may help reduce the probability of allergic occurrence. You should consult your family doctor or an immunologist to assess your allergy and obtain individual recommendations.
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