Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( COPD ) is a slow progressing destruction of airways caused by gradual loss of lung function. It’s a mix of various lung diseases. In COPD, two lung diseases, specifically prolonged bronchitis and emphysema are the main diseases. Other diseases like asthmatic bronchitis and bullous disease are also present. This illness is not unusual amongst the older women in America. On a whole, about 11% of the North American population suffers from COPD. According to researches, it kills 85,000 folks in the U.S. each year and it is the fourth leading cause of death.
Smoking is the primary reason for COPD. Passive smoking can also lead to COPD. The effects of smoking on the lungs can be severe and permanent. Smoking causes irrevocable damages to the lung tissues and causes soreness of the lungs. This soreness stops just when the smoking is stopped. The cigarette manufacturing corporations add some chemicals to cigarettes for a number of reasons that block the production of alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT), which maintain the elastic fibers of the alveoli. This in turn destroys the walls of the lungs, which makes the method of respiring really complicated.
Other causes which can lead to COPD are commercial pollution, occupational dusts, constant contact with dangerous chemicals, outside air pollution, for example. In a number of cases mothers and fathers pass on the genes to their kids. In some unusual cases, COPD is found in folks going through a gene-related disorder called alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency. Alpha 1 antitrypsin is a protein that inactivates the ruinous proteins in the blood. The absence or the low level of alpha 1 antitrypsin in these people leads to the elimination of lungs and ultimately to COPD.
Prevention is the best medication for COPD. There isn’t any cure. All of the medications for COPD are directed towards reducing the power of the illness. Therefore it is wiser for everyone to take the relevant steps to stop this illness.
You can use our COPD symptoms quiz to see if you are showing signs of having this disease.
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