Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi, which are the air passages present inside your lungs. Bronchitis can be caused by a variety of reasons and infections and allergies are its leading causes.
What Are The Causes of Bronchitis?
When an infection passes down from the upper respiratory tract into the trachea (wind pipe) and reaches the bronchi, it is termed as bronchitis. Bronchitis can actually occur after the common cold and even sinusitis. Bronchitis is an inflammation of the airways of the lungs and it can have the following causes:
- Flu viruses, especially the influenza A and B viruses
- Bacterial infections such as those caused by Mycoplasma Pneumonae
- Excessive smoking
- Allergens and irritants such as chemicals solvents
- A compromised immune system
What Are The Symptoms of Bronchitis?
Some common symptoms of bronchitis are:
- Sore throat
- Nasal congestion
- Sore throat
How Can Bronchitis be Treated?
Bronchitis can be treated by self care at home, but if any of the symptoms exacerbate, then a visit to your doctor is necessary. In cases of viral bronchitis, usually symptomatic treatment is enough, with the help of fever medication and bronchodilators. Over the counter medication like those for fever and pain can be taken, but other stronger medicines should be prescribed by your doctor.
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Home Treatment for Bronchitis:
In majority of the cases, bronchitis can be treated at home. Natural remedies like honey, bay leaf, ginger, and green tea can help relieve many of the symptoms of mild bronchitis. If bronchitis is moderate to severe, then you must visit your doctor for treatment.
When Should the Doctor be Visited?
If the cough is severe enough to interfere with sleep, cause chest pain or if your fever lasts more than three days, you must contact your doctor. Most doctors will treat bronchitis symptomatically, but if you suffer from bacterial bronchitis then antibiotics will have to be prescribed. Using antibiotics in case of viral bronchitis will not aid in recovery, as viral infections don”t respond to antibiotics. Your doctor will be the best judge to recommend a suitable antibiotic to you that is effective for treating bronchitis, along with other medicines.