The disorder diabetes mellitus, often just referred to as diabetes, is a disorder within the metabolism of the body. Remember that the metabolism of the body is the process in which the body digests the food eaten, and how the body uses this food for energy. The majority of the food consumed by people is broken down into sugar cells called glucose.
Glucose is one of the body”s blood sugars, and is the main energy source for the cells of the body. The entry of glucose into blood cells is the primary way the energy from the food we eat moves from our stomach into our cells. However, this process in controlled by the amount of insulin present. Insulin is produced in the Pancreas of the body and instructs the cells of the body on when to take in glucose. Insulin is released automatically from the brain when a person eats, and is the only hormone of the body to instruct the body to store glucose in the cells. Thus, the amount of sugar in the blood is directly controlled by the presence of insulin.
If a person suffers from diabetes, they will have an abnormal amount of sugar in the blood ” “ this is called hyperglycemia. There are two kinds of diabetes a person can suffer from, each with a unique cause for having too much sugar in the blood. A person suffers from Type 1 Diabetes when the body produces no insulin at all, and suffers from Type 2 Diabetes when the cells are not responding to the signals of insulin properly.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes occurs as a result of the body having destroyed the beta cells of the pancreas. These beta cells are the cells that produce insulin, and without them the body ha