There are more than 60 million people living with glaucoma. By the year 2020 it is estimated that more than 80 million will suffer from this eye disease. Census reports claim that in America alone there are over three million glaucoma sufferers. National vision centers state that there may be many more people suffering with glaucoma since this eye disease begins with no apparent symptoms. Get regular comprehensive eye exams to stop and prevent glaucoma from taking your eyesight.
Glaucoma belongs to a collection of diseases of the eyes that cause destruction to the optic nerve. The optic nerve bundle carries information starting at the eye and moving to the brain, can be damaged by glaucoma and irreversible blindness is the result. Nerve damage to the optic center occurs when there is high eye pressure. This is called intraocular pressure. The most common form of glaucoma is referred to as open angle glaucoma.
No symptoms of glaucoma can be felt in the early stages, and by the time you realize something is wrong the disease has caused considerable and irreparable damage. There is no cure for glaucoma, but medications and surgeries can slow the progression.
Forms of Glaucoma
Open angle glaucoma is the most familiar form of this eye disease. The pressure in the eye builds up gradually and the optic nerve is slowly damaged. Peripheral vision is lost. Without treatment there will be total blindness. Risk factors of open angle glaucoma consist of high eye pressure, family members with glaucoma and being older than sixty. If you have a thin cornea you are also at risk.