Early Signs of Pregnancy

Early Signs of Pregnancy

You may notice the early signs of pregnancy just one week after conception, with most early pregnancy symptoms occurring during the first four weeks.  Not every woman will experience early pregnancy symptoms, and symptoms can vary from one pregnancy to the next.  So what are the early signs of pregnancy? Read on to find out.

Spotting and Cramping

A few days after conception, the fertilised egg attaches to the uterus wall.  This can cause slight spotting and cramping, and can occur anywhere between six and twelve days after fertilisation.  In addition to spots of blood, a woman may also experience a white, milky discharge.  The discharge is caused by the vagina walls thickening and is completely normal.

Changes in the Breasts

After conception, a woman’s hormone levels rise rapidly and this can lead to changes in the breasts.  Usually occurring a week or two after conception, the breasts may feel sore and/or tingly.  They may also feel heavier and tender to the touch.  The areola (the area surrounding the nipples) may also darken.  These symptoms can continue for several weeks as the body gets used to the increased hormones, but they should start to ease off as you enter the second trimester.

Higher Body Temperature

If you are trying to conceive, your doctor may have asked you to check your body’s temperature.  The reason for this is that the body experiences an increase in temperature shortly after conception, and this can continue for two weeks or longer.  If you feel warmer than usual, take your temperature.  If it is around the 37.8C mark you may be pregnant.


Fatigue is common during the first trimester, and towards the end of the pregnancy.  This is due to a number of things such as increased blood production, lower blood pressure, lower blood sugar, and an increase in the hormone progesterone.  If you find that fatigue is really getting you down, it is worth speaking to your doctor.  He will assess you for iron deficient anaemia and advise you on the things you can do to help you cope.

Morning Sickness

Not every pregnant woman gets morning sickness, but most have heard about it.  As hormone levels increase, it takes longer for the stomach to empty, which contributes to nausea. Although it is called ‘morning sickness’, the nausea can occur at any time of the day.  Fortunately, morning sickness does tend to disappear after the 13th  or 14 th  week of pregnancy, however, this can be replaced by food cravings.  It is important to try to eat a healthy diet to ensure that your baby is receiving the nutrients that it needs.  A doctor or midwife can help advise you.

Mood Swings

Pregnancy can be an emotional roller coaster, and with mood swings starting shortly after conception you may be wondering what you have let yours