Gestational Diabetes: What You Need To Know

Gestational Diabetes: What You Need To Know

Among many tests you have during your pregnancy, one test that is done at around 24 to 28 week mark is the glucola test.  This test tests your blood sugar. You will go into your doctors office and be given a very sugary glucose drink that you will have five minutes to drink.  After your five minutes you will then wait one hour and have your blood drawn. Once that is all done your test is complete. Your doctor will call you back with your levels and as long as you aren’t above a certain number on a scale you are good to go.  Your body is managing the extra glucose production for your baby and you don’t need to worry about this test at all. If you are above a certain number though you will usually have to go back in to the doctor for a three hour test. This usually requires you to fast for eight hours before you come into the office.  Once in the office your blood will be taken as a baseline, then you will be given the same sugary drink once more to drink in five minutes. After that your blood will be taken three times over the next three hours. After you have completed all the blood draws you will wait for your doctor to call you in the next day or two to give you the results.  If your levels are high again than you will have what is called Gestational Diabetes. 

Gestational diabetes is very common in pregnancies, there are more than 200,000 cases per year.  Gestational diabetes is when your blood sugar is high during pregnancy. You can only have gestational diabetes if your pregnant and it usually goes away after delivery.  As stated above the way that gestational diabetes is diagnosed is by the glucose drink with then a blood draw to follow an hour after. The reason that many people who don’t have high blood sugar before pregnancy than develops this while pregnant is because the placenta makes hormones that can lead to a buildup of glucose in the blood, and if your body cannot handle the build up the result is high blood sugar.  


Risk Factors


There are risk factors to getting gestational diabetes.  You may be more susceptible to getting if you are overweight before your pregnancy.  Another risk factors are if you have high blood sugar levels but aren’t high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes.  Following those same lines if you have a family history of diabetes you may be at a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes.  Other factors can be if you have had gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy, if you have high blood pressure, if you are older than twenty-five, or have given birth to a baby bigger than 9lbs in the past.




There are few symptoms that go along with gestational diabetes.  The problem with these symptoms is that they are also just very common pregnancy symptoms.  You may experience the feeling of being extra thirsty, the need to urinate more, and feeling hungrier and eating more frequently.  The sad news is that none of these makes you have a re