Healthy Pregnancy: Second Trimester

What months are included in the second trimester?

The second trimester of pregnancy includes the fourth, fifth and sixth months. In a healthy pregnancy these months are the most tranquil time. The fourth month of pregnancy is the actual beginning of the second trimester and is the time when pregnant women feel at their very best. Energy levels are rising and morning sickness is almost gone. Baby’s heart is pumping about 25 quarts of blood a day, urinating every forty-five minutes, and is now making bile and insulin. Definite heartbeats are heard and you are now beginning to “feel”pregnant.

During the fourth month little flutters will be more pronounced and you may feel your baby move and kick. By the end of the fourth month you will be able to “tell” on an ultrasound if you are having a boy or a girl. Many changes are occurring in both the baby’s development and your body. Enjoy this serene time of transition and start searching for names.

The fifth month of pregnancy is also the 17th week and it is now difficult to hide your pregnancy. In a healthy pregnancy your uterus is about the size of a cantaloupe. Your baby is gaining more weight, and you can expect to gain between ten and fourteen pounds during the fifth month.

Healthy, but annoying symptoms you may experience during this month include vaginal discharges, leg cramps, heartburn, and swelling in your ankles, feet, and hands. Eat more foods containing potassium to still leg cramps, and put your feet up to reduce swelling. You may also have constipation and hemorrhoids. Drink plenty of fluids, introduce fiber into your diet, and use medicated cleansing cloths to wipe after bowel movements.

At month six in a healthy pregnancy you have probably gained 10 to 15 pounds. Your uterus is extending above your naval and you cannot wear your normal clothes. It is very important to continue exercise programs and maintain nutrition plans. Get plenty of rest when you need it and do not forget to drink plenty of fluids.

Just relax and enjoy this time. You are not large enough to be terribly uncomfortable and morning sickness should be totally gone. Check out birthing classes and begin breathing exercises. If you feel heartburn coming on at bedtime, drink a glass of milk. Do eat potassium rich foods such as grapefruits, oranges and bananas. Leg cramps can be relieved by bending your toes back toward your face and pushing down on your knees to straighten your legs.

You should now be very excited about the birth of your baby. Setting up the nursery, buying baby supplies and dreaming about your future is very fun. Baby’s organs are strengthening and growing every day and baby”s movements can be almost constant, even if you don”t feel them. Talking and singing to your baby is soothing to both of you and you should take advantage of sitting quietly and just “feeling” your baby. This is the time when a healthy pregnancy is most enjoyable.

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