High blood pressure and pregnancy is not necessarily a dangerous combination, but it requires special attention. Taking care of both mother and baby is essential in pregnancy. Therefore,everyone needs to know the following points about high blood pressure and pregnancy.
During pregnancy, most women will not develop any problems with their blood pressure. However, some women develop high blood pressure. It is often mild and therefore not serious, but in some cases, severe hypertension can harm both mother and baby. To avoid any problems, pregnant women should check their blood pressure regularly and take necessary steps to prevent it from climbing too high.
In individuals with high blood pressure, the heart has to operate harder to pump blood, which can affect the heart muscles. Normal blood pressure is below 140/90 mm Hg. There are three levels of high blood pressure during pregnancy, as explained below.
. Mild hypertension is indicated by blood pressure between 140/90 and 149/99 mm Hg – a regular checkup is suggested, but does not usually require treatment.
. Moderate hypertension is indicated by blood pressure between 150/100 and 159/109 mm Hg – proper care should be taken in the diet if such a condition exists.
. Severe hypertension is indicated by blood pressure of 160/110 or higher. This is a state of serious concern. Salt and pepper intake must be controlled, and more fluids should be added to the diet.
Hypertension affects around 8% of pregnancies. There are three different types of high blood pressure in pregnancy as listed below:
Chronic hypertension is the condition of high blood pressure over a long period. If a woman is found to have high blood pressure before the 20th week of pregnancy, it usually means that she had undetected chronic hypertension before becoming pregnant. According to WHO re