High blood pressure (hypertension) is no laughing matter; it can lead to heart attack, heart failure, vision loss, leg pain, kidney failure, and stroke (TIA) Trans Ischemic Attack.
If you think you may have high blood pressure you should see a doctor as soon as possible to begin a drug regimen to get it under control. Exercise and diet to lose weight can help to lower your blood pressure sometimes but most often it requires medication.
Blood pressure medications work a few different ways, there are diuretics which remove excess water and sodium in the blood. Drugs like amlodipine besylate which are calcium channel blockers, and drugs that are called beta blockers. Each of these drugs works differently but to the same and effect.
High blood pressure tends to be hereditary so if you have persons in your family with high blood pressure there is a good possibility that you could have it too. The best way to determine whether or not you do is to get regular physical exams; you should see your family doctor at least once a year for a checkup.
However there are symptoms to look out for that could possibly be indicative of high blood pressure. Symptoms of high blood pressure may include nervousness, sweating, difficulty sleeping, facial flushing, blood spots in the eyes, severe headache, fatigue or confusion, vision problems, chest pain, difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat, blood in the urine, and pounding in your chest, neck, or ears. If you experience any of these symptoms it is best for you to see your physician as they could be evidence of high blood pressure and could possibly be a warning of a hypertensive crisis that could lead to a heart attack or stroke.
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But the most important symptom to remember is that you may have no symptoms at all and it”s a progressive disease. High Blood pressure is also called the “Silent Killer” due to lack of forewarning by common signs. The reality of high blood pressure is that it is actually a symptomless condition. You may have high blood pressure and not even know it. If you get a headache due to high blood pressure it is from a serious condition called hypertensive crisis where your systolic/top number is higher than 180 or diastolic/bottom number is higher than 110. However there has been research that showed persons with high blood pressure actually experienced fewer headaches than persons with normal blood pressure.
Malignant Hypertension is also a concern and more critical as the lower number, which represents the diastolic blood pressure can exceed 140 mm Hg and many times requires immediate intervention. If the blood pressure is not lowered quickly and effectively, it can cause brain hemorrhage or a stroke. The only symptoms that may occur here are again very light: nauseas, vomiting, lightheadedness, and headache.
Although some of these symptoms could be indicative of high blood pressure they are not conclusive. The only way to be certain of whether or not you have high blood pressure would be to have your blood pressure checked.