A diabetes diagnosis is something no one wants to hear. Whether you are the young patient’s parent or the patient, such a diagnosis can throw you for a loop if not very careful. The best way to look at it is the available treatment options are effective when combined with a healthy diet, regular exercise, and optimal weight.
As a new diabetic, it is crucial to find a regimen that is suitable for your schedule, needs, and preferences. Your new regimen should include blood glucose measurements, medication administration, exercise, and healthy food planning. In the meantime, you can become familiar with the Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes medications. To help jumpstart your research effort, a list is provided in the article below.
How Is Insulin Dispensed?
American insulin is only dispensed through FDA-approved pharmacies. It can only be obtained with a doctor’s prescription. Canadian insulin regulations are slightly different than American insulin regulations. In Canada, insulin is available over-the-counter but only through government-approved pharmacies.
Insulin should not be taken without a primary care physician’s recommendation.
Type 1 Medications
As with many diagnoses, Type I diabetes has ample treatment options. Your primary care physician will decide which treatment is more suitable for your diabetic needs. Of course, you have a say-so in the decision but as a new diabetic, you may not be familiar with the available options. As time goes by, you will gain experience and knowledge of your disease and treatment options.
Type I diabetes, also known as Type 1 diabetes mellitus, is when the organ responsible for producing insulin in the body cannot meet the requirements. The pancreas is located beside the small intestine just behind the stomach. It has several big responsibilities, including the production and release of the hormones, glucagon, and insulin into the blood and the production and release of enzymes that play a role in food digestion.
When the pancreas fails to function properly, the underlying issue could be the timing of the digestive enzyme release. If the enzymes are working at the time of the release, the pancreas may be damaged in the process. Over time, the pancreas will begin to function abnormally, resulting in lower insulin production.
The medications utilized to treat Type 1 diabetes include the following:
- Humalog — A fast-acting insulin that begins working within 15 minutes of the initial injection.
- Novolog (Insulin Aspart) — A fast-acting insulin that starts working within 15 minutes of the initial injection.
- Insulin Lispro — A fast-acting insulin that begins working 15 minutes after the initial injection. The peak time is 1 hour.
- Humulin R — A short-acting insulin that starts working 30 minutes after the initial injection. The peak time for Humulin R is between two and three hours.
- Lantus — A long-lasting insulin that starts working after a few hours of the initial injection. The release is gradual over a 24-hour period.
- Lantus SoloStar — A long-lasting insulin that starts working several hours after the initial injection. The release is gradual over a 24-hour period.
- Levemir — A long-lasting insulin that is prescribed once daily or twice daily. The release is gradual over a 24-hour period.
- Tresiba — A long-lasting insulin that starts working several hours after the initial injection. The release is gradual over a 24-hour period.
- Admelog (Insulin Lispro Injection, Biosimilar) — A rapid-acting insulin that is administered within 15 minutes of each meal (before or after).
- Insulin Glargine — A long-acting insulin that begins working after a few hours of the initial injection. The release is gradual over a 24-hour period.
- Humulin N — An intermediate-acting insulin that starts working between two and four hours of the initial injection. The peak time is between four and 12 hours. The release is gradual over a 12- or 18-hour period.
- Novolin R — A fast-acting insulin that starts working after 30 minutes of the initial injection. The peak time is between 2.5 and 5 hours.
- Humulin 70/30 — A short- and intermediate-acting insulin that starts working after 10 to 20 minutes of the initial injection. The peak time is two hours. The release is gradual over a 24-hour period.
- Humalog Mix 75/25 — A rapid- and intermediate-acting insulin that starts working after 10 to 20 minutes of the initial injection. The release is gradual over a 24-hour period.
Type II Diabetes Medications
Some insulin medications utilized to treat Type I diabetes is also utilized to treat Type II diabetes. These medications include Humalog, Lantus, Humulin R, Admelog, and Insulin Lispro.
Insulin VS Oral Diabetes Medications
There are several reasons why insulin is prescribed instead of oral diabetes medications. First, oral diabetes medication cannot be utilized as a natural insulin alternative. Second, they are utilized to help the body utilize its natural insulin more effectively. Third, genetically-modified and synthetic human insulin is the only diabetic medications that have been approved as natural insulin alternatives.
Last, but not least, insulin is not available in oral form. The main reason for this is that the body’s natural digestive acids have been shown to destroy man-made insulin. By administering subcutaneously, man-made insulin can bypass the digestive system and make its way directly to the bloodstream where it will begin helping your body disperse glucose to other parts of the body.
Insulin R (Regular) Brand Names
Once you receive your diabetes diagnosis, you will need to start conducting research about the disease, including types and symptoms. Every patient should know their diagnosis like the back of their hand. This is the only way patients are able to control their blood glucose levels. First and foremost, you need to know the brand names for insulin regular.
Insulin regular brand names include the following:
- Humulin R
- Novolin R
- ReliOn/Humulin R
Insulin Regular Is Utilized To Treat What Diagnosis?
Physicians prescribe insulin R to patients with different diseases. These diseases range from diabetes to high calcium blood levels to insulin resistance syndrome. Unlike some types of insulin, regular is utilized to treat Type I and Type II diabetes, as well as gestational diabetes.