Acne vulgaris affects 85% of teenagers and up to 12% of adults. Some acne is caused by bacteria, but antibiotics are not normally recommended unless other treatment methods have failed. Ways of managing acne vulgaris include diet–some studies have suggested that diets high in sugar or dairy contribute to acne. Another way of managing acne vulgaris is via topical treatment with creams containing benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics, and retinoids, though the latter have adverse affects including dryness and irritation and should be used with caution and proper counseling by pregnant women. Finally, systematic antibiotics are an option for moderate to severe acne, and should be used in combination with topical retinoid treatments. Antibiotics should also be used with caution because of various adverse effects.
- 1Approximately 50 million individuals have reported symptoms of acne vulgaris, a chronic inflammation of the skin consisting of whiteheads, blackheads, papules, pustules, or nodules. Eighty-five percent of teenagers report having acne.
- 2Limited evidence suggests personal diet affects acne severity. Some data suggest patients with high sugar-based diets are more prone to experiencing acne.
- 3Bactrim can be effective in treating acne by blocking synthesis of folic acid of the bacteria. However, it’s rarely used because other agents have been proven more effective.
Limited evidence suggests personal diet affects acne severity.
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