In the past farmers used to grow crops using naturally made manure made up of cattle excreta, humus and compost. Commonly known as cow dung, these excreta were used by the cultivators and farmers on their farms for growing crops. These days this indigenous method of farming is known by a new fashionable name known as organic farming and the products obtained by this type of farming are known as organic products. The organic products that we get as a result of organic farming are generally sold at supermarkets or exclusively at organic food stores. So, the big question is, what is organic farming? And what does the word organic mean?
It literally means farming, animal rearing and plantings done using natural methods and materials. This means no chemicals, pesticides, weedicides, rodenticides and additives are used in the cultivation of crops and plants. Even animal rearing is done in a natural way to enhance the production of good quality milk, milk products, meat, honey etc. The food we get as a result of organic farming is known as organic food. Organic farming brings people very close to nature as everything that is in organic farming to yield organic products are obtained from nature. The word organic means anything that is derived from nature and its biotic components. Thus organic farming in itself defines farming done in a natural way using natural materials.
Reasons for Organic Farming:
The main reasons for organic farming is sustainable management of environment and ecological balance, thus creating a cleaner and greener earth. There are certain other major direct objectives of organic farming.
- To advocate the use of natural pesticides and weedicides.
- To grow plants according to the soil and plant nutrition.
- To promote crop rotation to maintain the fertility of the soil.
- To protect soil fertility by using indigenous methods of biological activity.
- To control pests and weeds using natural methods.
- To promote the plantation of leguminous plants to fix atmospheric nitrogen
- To promote the rearing and breeding of livestock using natural feeds and methods.
What are Organic Products:
The products that are obtained as a result of organic farming and rearing of livestock is known as organic product. These products are free from harmful chemicals, additives and other adulterants. These products are hundred percent natural.
Good Things About Organic Products:
- It is healthy and natural:
As we all know that organic products are healthy as they do not contain any harmful chemicals or additives. Farmers use biologically natural materials and natural methods to grow food products unlike modern methods of crop cultivation which uses a lot of chemicals to increase the yield. There are supermarkets and health food shops everywhere which sell organic food. People can easily