How To Have Healthy Joints?

A human body has number of joints that allow it to bend and twist. These bends and twists allow a human body to perform different functions like walking, writing, jumping, dancing, etc. A joint is nothing but a point where two or more bones meet. A human body has four types of joints. These are sutures, hinge, ball & socket and gliding joints. Each of these joints provides different kinds of flexibility and movement to the body. For example, hinge joints allow movement only in one direction as in the elbow and knee, whereas ball and socket joint allow movement in a complete circle as in the shoulder.

Whatever be the kind of joint, the basic anatomy of the joint is similar i.e. it has a ligament and cartilage. Ligament is like a muscle that joins two bones, whereas cartilage is a smooth & elastic tissue that gives a cushion to the joint and prevents bones from rubbing against each other.

The joints pain starts to show up when cartilage starts loosing its cushioning properties. This can happen because of various reasons. The most common reason is aging. With age, the cartilage becomes thinner, and thus, becomes more prone to damage and less effective in cushioning. The other reason could be some damage to the cartilage. A small injury in childhood can show up as a big damage to the cartilage in the old age. The cartilage could also get damaged due to the weight the joint has to carry. For example, an obese person is more likely to have a knee joint pain compared to a thin person. This is because the ligaments wear out faster in case of an obese person.

Since all the movements in a human body are because of joints and any pain in the joints makes life difficult, it is very essential to have healthy joints. Healthy joints can be achieved through various ways. Some of them are mentioned below:

Exercise Regularly
It is very important to exercise regularly to keep the body fit and flexible. Simple exercises like walking, cycling, and swimming are very effective in keeping the joints healthy. It is important not to stress the body too much while exercising; otherwise instead of doing good, it may harm the joints. The variations in exercises also help as each type of exercise acts on different joints and parts of the body.

Maintain Weight
Maintaining the right body weight is also very important in order to have healthy joints. The joints have to work hard to lift the weight of an obese person resulting in more wear and tear. Contrarily, having very less body mass is also not good for the joints as the stresses that the muscles normally bear are also borne by the joints, hence leading to accelerated wear and tear.

Intake Of Healthy Diet
It is essential to have a healthy and nutritious diet. This will not only help to maintain the body weight, but also provide the required nutrition to the body. A diet rich in protein is must since proteins help in making muscles and in repairing the tissues. Intake of calcium rich diet, especially in women, is also important to have healthy bones and joints. Importance of vitamin D with its anti-inflammation property cannot be undermined for having healthy joints.

If you are suffering from arthritis, it is advised to consult your doctor for deciding your exercise regime and diet.


HealthStatus has been operating since 1998 providing the best interactive health tools on the Internet, millions of visitors have used our blood alcohol, body fat and calories burned calculators. The HealthStatus editorial team has continued that commitment to excellence by providing our visitors with easy to understand high quality health content for many years. Our team of health professionals, and researchers use peer reviewed studies as source elements in our articles. Our high quality content has been featured in a number of leading websites, USA Today, the Chicago Tribune, Live Strong, GQ, and many more.

9. June 2009
9. June 2009
Gee, it seems that everything people read contradicts itself. On one hand I hear that people should eat lots of protein for good muscles. On the other I hear that eating too much meat can give you cancer. So do patients have only a choice of cancer or weak muscles? Another thing web sites always say is exercise more, but the more you exercise the more your ligaments or cartilage wear down, right?


Your email address will not be published

1 × five =