Multiple sclerosis (sometimes known as MS) is a chronic illness involving the central nervous system. More than 2.3 million people are affected by Multiple sclerosis worldwide. Women are two to three times more likely to get MS than men are.
Multiple sclerosis causes the body’s immune system to produce inflammation, which attacks the myelin, the protective sheaths surrounding nerve fibers. Myelin promote efficient transmission of nerve impulses, so when they are damaged, it can become harder for the brain to send signals to the rest of the body. The damage may also cause inflammation and scar tissue.
The best outcomes for Multiple sclerosis result from catching and treating the disease early. While there is currently no cure, early treatment may reduce the odds of long-term disability.
Understanding the effects of M.S. may help you identify if you or a loved one may have symptoms. If you notice any of these changes, especially numbness, weak legs, or partial vision loss, talk to your doctor as soon as possible.