Adult and childhood obesity has grown drastically over the last few decades. It is being blames on a more sedentary lifestyle especially in the urban areas. Every aspect of life has been affected by the recent changes, such as use of a car instead of walking, use of the media or internet instead of an active social participation for all adults, and time spent in front of television or computer for children instead of being outside and indulging in sports or games.
Both these age groups have also shown a remarkable growth in consumption of packaged foods or higher calorie count meals instead of a simpler and healthier choice of vegetables, meat and fruits.
The aggressive growth of junk foods like chips/crisps, ice-creams, sodas or cold drinks, or food chains like MacDonald, KFC, etc. has given rise to unhealthy food habits. Consumption of alcohol has also risen which many consider to be nothing but empty calories.
How Obesity Is Determined
Obesity is now not just linked to adults but also children, even infants. It has been calculated using the Body Mass Index regulator which compares the height to weight ratio and also measures the amount of fat cells in the body.
A BMI above 25 is adjudged as overweight and above 30 defines obesity. It has been said that both being overweight and obese are caused by a basic “caloric imbalance”, that is, consumption of more calories than what is being spent and it is affected by behavioural, psychological, environmental and psychological factors.
The situation is dire for obese people as they are in direct risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, including chronic ailments and increases the chances of getting a stroke. In the year 2008, it was the leading cause of death.
Diabetes and musculoskeletal disorders such as osteoarthritis wherein the joints become highly disables is also caused by obesity. Even some cancers such as thyroid, breast, colon and endometrial is caused by obesity.
These problems are found in adult obesity. Children encounter a whole different set of problems like premature death in infants, breathing difficulties, hypertension, increased fracture risk, beginnings of cardiovascular problems and early diabetes, as well as many psychological effects.
Obesity Facts And Figures
According to a WHO repo